What is the role of the UN Committee?

At the international level, the respect of the Convention rights is monitored by the UN Committee on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities . It is a body of eighteen independent experts who have been nominated by the countries that have ratified the Convention. The Committee members are elected for the period of either two or four years, and serve on the Committee in their individual capacity.

The principal task of the UN CRPD Committee is the review of the progress in implementation of the Convention. States Parties are obliged to submit to the Committee an initial report on measures taken to implement the Convention two years after the entry into force of the Convention. Thereafter, periodic reports must be submitted every four years. On the basis of the State reports, complemented with information from other sources, including the organizations of disabled people, the Committee assesses the country’s progress and issues concluding observations to the State Party.

As of November 2017, 23 European countries have been reviewed by the CRPD Committee - Spain, Hungary, Austria, Sweden, Denmark, Germany, Belgium, Croatia, Serbia, Czech Republic, Lithuania, Portugal, Slovakia, Italy, Cyprus, Montenegro, Latvia, Luxembourg, UK, Russian Federation, Bulgaria, Slovenia and Bosnia Herzegovina (the latter four's review will finish in 2018). The European Union was reviewed in 2015. In 2018, Malta, Poland and FYROM will be reviewed. Spain and Hungary will have their constructive dialogue for the second time in August 2018. The remaining European countries pending for review by the UN CRPD Committee are, in the order submission of their reports are Estonia, Greece, Norway, Turkey, Switzerland and France.

The reports of States Parties and the alternative reports of the civil society organisations, along with the schedule of their review by the CRPD Committee are available on the website of the Office of the UN High Commissioner for Human Rights.